The airline started operations as an air-taxi company in 1961. Soon after freight services with a C-82 and later C-46s were started. In October 1967 Trans Peruana purchased 4 L-749As from Avianca to operate domestic passenger services from Lima to Iquitos via Trujillo and Tarapoto. as well as via Pucallpa, and from Lima to Cuzco and Juliaca. In summer 1970 financial difficulties led to the bunkcrupty in September 1970.